This is an archive of a past election.|
See http://www.smartvoter.org/ca/sn/ for current information.
League of Women Voters of California Education Fund
Quarter Cent Sales Tax
Sonoma Marin Area Rail Transit District
2/3 Approval Required
Pass: 118,382 / 70.1% Yes votes ...... 50,505 / 29.9% No votes
Index of all Measures
|Results as of Nov 22 4:22pm, 100.0% of Precincts Reporting (470/470)|
|Information shown below: Impartial Analysis | Arguments | Full Text|
Shall an ordinance be adopted authorizing the Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit District (SMART) to construct, operate, and maintain a passenger rail project and bicycle/pedestrian pathway on publicly owned right-of-way, from Cloverdale in Sonoma County, to Larkspur in Marin County, with a connection to the Larkspur - San Francisco ferry; imposing a 1/4 cent sales tax for 20 years; establishing a Citizens Oversight Committee; and establishing an annual spending cap?
The District is authorized, with the approval of the voters, to propose a special tax to implement this service. The District has adopted an ordinance proposing a quarter-cent transactions and use tax ($0.0025 on every $1 spent), to be imposed on retail sales in Sonoma and Marin Counties, beginning April 1, 2007. Proceeds of the tax would provide funding for the design, construction, implementation, operation, financing, maintenance and management of the rail system and a bicycle/pedestrian pathway from Cloverdale in Sonoma County to Larkspur in Marin County. An Expenditure Plan for the tax revenues is incorporated into the proposed sales tax ordinance. The revenue from the tax can only be spent on project elements listed in the Expenditure Plan, including:
1. Rehabilitation and upgrading of the existing Northwestern Pacific Railroad (NWP) corridor from Cloverdale to Larkspur, including new passing sidings.
The tax would be collected in the same manner as sales tax is currently collected, would begin on April 1, 2007, and would continue in effect for twenty (20) years.
The District is empowered under state law to issue bonds to fund all or part of the construction of the project, so that work can begin sooner. The bonds would be repaid over time from the tax revenue collected. The ordinance also establishes an appropriations (spending) limit for SMART.
The ordinance must be approved by two-thirds of the voters voting on the question in order for the special tax to go into effect.
s/ Patrick K. Faulkner, Marin County Counsel
Petaluma Argus Courier
|Arguments For Measure R||Arguments Against Measure R|
|For decades, traffic congestion on Highway 101 in Marin and Sonoma counties has grown worse, wasting our valuable time, causing stress and aggravation and costing us money. As the Bay Area continues to grow, traffic will only get worse. That's why the time is now to move forward with the SMART Train, giving ourselves an affordable, convenient alternative to freeway traffic.
SMART provides an alternative to Highway 101 gridlock, removing 5,300 car trips from our roads during the worst commute hours, more than 1.4 million annually. SMART can be running in 3 years, faster than widening the freeway. SMART is good for our environment, removing 124,000 pounds a day of emissions that pollute our air and water and contribute to global warming. SMART's quiet, energy efficient and low-emission trains help reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
SMART dramatically slashes commute times, giving you time to relax, enjoy your coffee and read the newspaper. A trip between Santa Rosa and San Rafael often taking more than 11/2 hours on Highway 101 will take just 50 minutes on SMART. SMART also cuts the time between Novato and Larkspur from 45 minutes to less than 20 minutes. SMART supports building a 70-mile bicycle and pedestrian pathway, giving us even more ways to get out of our cars and promoting healthy, close-knit communities.
SMART provides complete fiscal accountability, with an annual spending cap, annual audits and independent citizen oversight. Reducing CO2 emissions, saving travel time for our employees and avoiding car trips are worth the investment.
SMART increases overall transit use, providing a convenient connection to San Francisco-bound ferries in Larkspur and connecting directly with local bus service. SMART will also operate free, local shuttles. The time is now. Vote Yes on the SMART Train, for fewer car trips and cleaner air.
s/ Tim Smith, Sonoma County Supervisor, Dist. 3
SMART claims the train "dramatically slashes commute times." Not true, it takes time for commuters to drive to a station, park, take a train, then get to jobs far from the station. Even in traffic it's faster to drive directly from home to work. SMART will carry only 230 riders from Sonoma into Marin and will not go directly to the Larkspur Ferry Terminal.
Why has SMART not produced a detailed financial plan? The reason is a financial plan would show that SMART can't afford the service it claims for the full 20 year program. According to SMART's own abbreviated expenditure plan the public subsidy per rider per trip will exceed $50. Compare this to the under $10 subsidy per rider for Golden Gate Transit. Don't be fooled by SMART. Get the facts! Be Smart, Stop SMART. Vote No on Measure R.
CITIZENS OPPOSED TO SMART, s/ Fred H. Levin, Treasurer
|Commuter rail is not a smart use of our tax dollars. Here's why: The train will not reduce traffic on Highway 101 according to SMART's own Environmental Impact Report. The projected 5,300 passengers a day by 2010 is not realistic. Other California commuter rail systems with greater population densities have experienced lower ridership numbers. Studies indicated over 70% of drivers using Highway 101 in both counties drive alone and most will not switch to a train. Only 230 Sonoma County residents will take the trains to Marin according to SMART. The train will not operate on weekends or nights and there is only one midday train. SMART's traffic relief claim is a myth.
The train will not go to San Francisco or Oakland, nor connect to BART. The train is advertised to go to the Larkspur Ferry terminal, however the City of Larkspur has bluntly stated they do not want SMART at the terminal because of its adverse impact on parking and traffic. This is a train to nowhere.
SMART will cost the taxpayers an estimated $1.4 billion over 20 years. However, no recent major Public Works project in the Bay Area has been completed on budget.
SMART has agreed to allow freight trains on the commuter line, but it has not assessed the impact of freight on Sonoma and Marin communities. Freight trains are longer, noisier, cause more pollution and operate at night. SMART's clean air claim is a myth.
There are flexible alternatives for using the rail right-of-way. The train is very expensive, carries few passengers and doesn't take people where they want to go. Before voting on this measure ask yourself how often you would use this train and then Vote No on Measure R.
CITIZENS OPPOSED TO SMART TRAIN TAX, s/ Fred H. Levin, Treasurer
We need an alternative to Highway 101 that's convenient and fast, that will get people out of their cars and reduce the levels of greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. The SMART Train gives us that alternative. SMART puts us on a more sustainable course for the future that reduces our dependence on Highway 101, fossil fuels and cars.
SMART will remove up to 1.4million car trips annually from Marin and Sonoma roads during the heaviest traffic times. That eliminates almost 16,000 tons of auto emissions each year, emissions that harm our environment and pollute the air we breathe. In addition, SMART includes a dedicated bicycle and pedestrian pathway running parallel to the rail line, meaning even more cars off our roads and less pollution.
By connecting to local buses and the Larkspur ferry, SMART will increase overall public transit ridership without competing for the same transportation funding. And SMART's modern, lighter and energy-efficient trains are safe, clean and quiet.
We've waited too long for an alternative to Highway 101. We don't have to wait any longer. Vote Yes Measure R!
s/ Tim Smith, Sonoma County Supervisor, Dist. 3
|Full Text of Measure R|
|ORDINANCE NO. 2006-01
AN ORDINANCE OF THE SONOMA-MARIN AREA RAIL TRANSIT DISTRICT IMPOSING A RETAIL TRANSACTIONS AND USE TAX TO BE ADMINISTERED BY THE STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION; ADOPTING AN EXPENDITURE PLAN; AND ESTABLISHING AN ANNUAL APPROPRIATIONS LIMIT FOR THE SONOMA-MARIN AREA RAIL TRANSIT DISTRICT.
The Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit District (SMART) was created to provide a passenger rail system along the Northwestern Pacific Railroad within Sonoma and Marin Counties. The entire 75-mile corridor is publicly owned and can be used to provide passenger rail service. SMART will provide passenger rail service and a bicycle/pedestrian pathway to 14 rail stations in Sonoma and Marin Counties. SMART is committed to providing service with the most environmentally clean passenger rail vehicle possible.
SMART requires this measure in order to provide matching revenues to existing state and federal transportation grants, to bond for the construction of the project, and to provide funding for the on-going operation and maintenance of the project.
Section 1. TITLE. This ordinance shall be known as the Sonoma-Marin Passenger Rail Act. The Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit District hereinafter shall be called "District." This ordinance shall be applicable in the incorporated and unincorporated territory of the Counties of Sonoma and Marin, which shall be referred to herein as "District."
Section 2. OPERATIVE DATE. "Operative Date" means the first day of the first calendar quarter commencing more than 110 days after the effective date of this ordinance, as set forth below.
Section 3. PURPOSE. This ordinance is adopted to achieve the following, among other purposes, and directs that the provisions hereof be interpreted in order to accomplish those purposes:
A. To provide funding for the design, construction, implementation, operation, financing, maintenance and management of a passenger rail system and a bicycle/pedestrian pathway connecting the 14 rail stations from Cloverdale to Larkspur.
B. To impose a retail transactions and use tax in accordance with the provisions of Part 1.6 (commencing with Section 7251) of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code and Section 105115 of the Public Utilities Code which authorizes the District to adopt this tax ordinance which shall be operative if a two-thirds majority of the electors voting on the measure vote to approve the imposition of the tax at an election called for that purpose.
C. To adopt a retail transactions and use tax ordinance that incorporates provisions identical to those of the Sales and Use Tax Law of the State of California insofar as those provisions are not inconsistent with the requirements and limitations contained in Part 1.6 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.
D. To adopt a retail transactions and use tax ordinance that imposes a tax and provides a measure therefor that can be administered and collected by the State Board of Equalization in a manner that adapts itself as fully as practicable to, and requires the least possible deviation from, the existing statutory and administrative procedures followed by the State Board of Equalization in administering and collecting the California State Sales and Use Taxes.
E. To adopt a retail transactions and use tax ordinance that can be administered in a manner that will be, to the greatest degree possible, consistent with the provisions of Part 1.6 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, minimize the cost of collecting the transactions and use taxes, and at the same time, minimize the burden of record keeping upon persons subject to taxation under the provisions of this ordinance.
Section 4. CONTRACT WITH STATE. Prior to the operative date, the District shall contract with the State Board of Equalization to perform all functions incident to the administration and operation of this transactions and use tax ordinance; provided, that if the Authority shall not have contracted with the State Board of Equalization prior to the operative date, it shall nevertheless so contract and in such a case the operative date shall be the first day of the first calendar quarter following the execution of such a contract.
Section 5. TRANSACTIONS TAX RATE. For the privilege of selling tangible personal property at retail, a tax is hereby imposed upon all retailers in the incorporated and unincorporated territory of the District at the rate of 1/4 of 1 percent (0.25%) of the gross receipts of any retailer from the sale of all tangible personal property sold at retail in said territory on and after the operative date of this ordinance.
Section 6. PLACE OF SALE. For the purposes of this ordinance, all retail sales are consummated at the place of business of the retailer unless the tangible personal property sold is delivered by the retailer or his agent to an out-of-state destination or to a common carrier for delivery to an out-of-state destination. The gross receipts from such sales shall include delivery charges, when such charges are subject to the state sales and use tax, regardless of the place to which delivery is made. In the event a retailer has no permanent place of business in the State or has more than one place of business, the place or places at which the retail sales are consummated shall be determined under rules and regulations to be prescribed and adopted by the State Board of Equalization.
Section 7. USE TAX RATE. An excise tax is hereby imposed on the storage, use or other consumption in the District of tangible personal property purchased from any retailer on and after the operative date of this ordinance for storage, use or other consumption in said territory at the rate of 1/4 of 1 percent (0.25%) of the sales price of the property. The sales price shall include delivery charges when such charges are subject to state sales or use tax regardless of the place to which delivery is made.
Section 8. ADOPTION OF PROVISIONS OF STATE LAW. Except as otherwise provided in this ordinance and except insofar as they are inconsistent with the provisions of Part 1.6 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, all of the provisions of Part 1 (commencing with Section 6001) of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code are hereby adopted and made a part of this ordinance as though fully set forth herein.
Section 9. LIMITATIONS ON ADOPTION OF STATE LAW AND COLLECTION OF USE TAXES. In adopting the provisions of Part 1 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code:
A. Wherever the State of California is named or referred to as the taxing agency, the name of this District shall be substituted therefor. However, the substitution shall not be made when:
1. The word "State" is used as a part of the title of the State Controller, State Treasurer, State Board of Control, State Board of Equalization, State Treasury, or the Constitution of the State of California;
2. The result of that substitution would require action to be taken by or against this District or any agency, officer, or employee thereof rather than by or against the State Board of Equalization, in performing the functions incident to the administration or operation of this Ordinance.
3. In those sections, including, but not necessarily limited to sections referring to the exterior boundaries of the State of California, where the result of the substitution would be to:
a. Provide an exemption from this tax with respect to certain sales, storage, use or other consumption of tangible personal property which would not otherwise be exempt from this tax while such sales, storage, use or other consumption remain subject to tax by the State under the provisions of Part 1 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, or;
b. Impose this tax with respect to certain sales, storage, use or other consumption of tangible personal property which would not be subject to tax by the state under the said provision of that code.
4. In Sections 6701, 6702 (except in the last sentence thereof), 6711, 6715, 6737, 6797 or 6828 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.
B. The word "District" shall be substituted for the word "State" in the phrase "retailer engaged in business in this State" in Section 6203 and in the definition of that phrase in Section 6203.
Section 10. PERMIT NOT REQUIRED. If a seller's permit has been issued to a retailer under Section 6067 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, an additional transactor's permit shall not be required by this ordinance.
Section 11. EXEMPTIONS AND EXCLUSIONS.
A. There shall be excluded from the measure of the transactions tax and the use tax the amount of any sales tax or use tax imposed by the State of California or by any city, city and county, or county pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law or the amount of any state-administered transactions or use tax.
B. There are exempted from the computation of the amount of transactions tax the gross receipts from:
1. Sales of tangible personal property, other than fuel or petroleum products, to operators of aircraft to be used or consumed principally outside the County in which the sale is made and directly and exclusively in the use of such aircraft as common carriers of persons or property under the authority of the laws of this State, the United States, or any foreign government.
2. Sales of property to be used outside the District which is shipped to a point outside the District, pursuant to the contract of sale, by delivery to such point by the retailer or his agent, or by delivery by the retailer to a carrier for shipment to a consignee at such point. For the purposes of this paragraph, delivery to a point outside the District shall be satisfied:
a. With respect to vehicles (other than commercial vehicles) subject to registration pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 4000) of Division 3 of the Vehicle Code, aircraft licensed in compliance with Section 21411 of the Public Utilities Code, and undocumented vessels registered under Division 3.5 (commencing with Section 9840) of the Vehicle Code by registration to an out-of-District address and by a declaration under penalty of perjury, signed by the buyer, stating that such address is, in fact, his or her principal place of residence; and
b. With respect to commercial vehicles, by registration to a place of business out-of-District and declaration under penalty of perjury, signed by the buyer, that the vehicle will be operated from that address.
3. The sale of tangible personal property if the seller is obligated to furnish the property for a fixed price pursuant to a contract entered into prior to the operative date of this ordinance.
4. A lease of tangible personal property which is a continuing sale of such property, for any period of time for which the lessor is obligated to lease the property for an amount fixed by the lease prior to the operative date of this ordinance.
5. For the purposes of subparagraphs (3) and (4) of this section, the sale or lease of tangible personal property shall be deemed not to be obligated pursuant to a contract or lease for any period of time for which any party to the contract or lease has the unconditional right to terminate the contract or lease upon notice, whether or not such right is exercised.
C. There are exempted from the use tax imposed by this ordinance, the storage, use or other consumption in this District of tangible personal property:
1. The gross receipts from the sale of which have been subject to a transactions tax under any state-administered transactions and use tax ordinance.
2. Other than fuel or petroleum products purchased by operators of aircraft and used or consumed by such operators directly and exclusively in the use of such aircraft as common carriers of persons or property for hire or compensation under a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued pursuant to the laws of this State, the United States, or any foreign government. This exemption is in addition to the exemptions provided in Sections 6366 and 6366.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code of the State of California.
3. If the purchaser is obligated to purchase the property for a fixed price pursuant to a contract entered into prior to the operative date of this ordinance.
4. If the possession of, or the exercise of any right or power over, the tangible personal property arises under a lease which is a continuing purchase of such property for any period of time for which the lessee is obligated to lease the property for an amount fixed by a lease prior to the operative date of this ordinance.
5. For the purposes of subparagraphs (3) and (4) of this section, storage, use, or other consumption, or possession of, or exercise of any right or power over, tangible personal property shall be deemed not to be obligated pursuant to a contract or lease for any period of time for which any party to the contract or lease has the unconditional right to terminate the contract or lease upon notice, whether or not such right is exercised.
6. Except as provided in subparagraph (7), a retailer engaged in business in the District shall not be required to collect use tax from the purchaser of tangible personal property, unless the retailer ships or delivers the property into the District or participates within the District in making the sale of the property, including, but not limited to, soliciting or receiving the order, either directly or indirectly, at a place of business of the retailer in the district or through any representative, agent, canvasser, solicitor, subsidiary, or person in the District under the authority of the retailer.
7. "A retailer engaged in business in the District" shall also include any retailer of any of the following: vehicles subject to registration pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 4000) of Division 3 of the Vehicle Code, aircraft licensed in compliance with Section 21411 of the Public Utilities Code, or undocumented vessels registered under Division 3.5 (commencing with Section 9840) of the Vehicle Code. That retailer shall be required to collect use tax from any purchaser who registers or licenses the vehicle, vessel, or aircraft at an address in the District.
D. Any person subject to use tax under this ordinance may credit against that tax any transactions tax or reimbursement for transactions tax paid to a district imposing, or retailer liable for a transactions tax pursuant to Part 1.6 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code with respect to the sale to the person of the property the storage, use or other consumption of which is subject to the use tax.
Section 12. AMENDMENTS. All amendments subsequent to the effective date of this ordinance to Part 1 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code relating to sales and use taxes and which are not inconsistent with Part 1.6 and Part 1.7 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, and all amendments to Part 1.6 and Part 1.7 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, shall automatically become a part of this ordinance, provided however, that no such amendment shall operate so as to affect the rate of tax imposed by this ordinance.
Section 13. ENJOINING COLLECTION FORBIDDEN. No injunction or writ of mandate or other legal or equitable process shall issue in any suit, action or proceeding in any court against the State or the District, or against any officer of the State or the District, to prevent or enjoin the collection under this ordinance, or Part 1.6 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, of any tax or any amount of tax required to be collected.
Section 14. ESTABLISHMENT OF ANNUAL APPROPRIATIONS LIMIT. Taking into account the proceeds of taxes available to the District, including tax revenue that would become available upon approval of this ordinance, the appropriations limit of the Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit District for fiscal year 2006-2007 is established as $60 million, unless that amount should be amended pursuant to applicable law.
Section 15. ADOPTION OF EXPENDITURE PLAN AND ACCOUNTABILITY FOR EXPENDITURE OF PROCEEDS OF THE TAX. The District Board of Directors hereby adopts the Expenditure Plan attached hereto and incorporated into this ordinance by reference. Proceeds of the tax imposed by this ordinance shall be placed in a special account, and shall be spent only to implement the project components set forth in the Expenditure Plan, including the design, construction, implementation, operation, financing, maintenance and management of the passenger rail system and bicycle/pedestrian pathway. Section
16. ANNUAL REPORT. The Chief Financial Officer of the Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit District shall annually cause to be prepared a report setting forth (a) the amount of funds collected and expended; and (b) the status of any project component authorized to be funded in the Expenditure Plan adopted by the District in Section 15 herein.
Section 17. COMPLIANCE WITH CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT (CEQA). An Environmental Impact Report was prepared for the project described in the Expenditure Plan and was certified by the District Board of Directors on July 19, 2006, prior to the Board's adoption of this ordinance.
Section 18. SEVERABILITY. If any provision of this ordinance or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the ordinance and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected thereby. Section
19. Section 19. EFFECTIVE DATE. This ordinance relates to the levying and collecting of the District transactions and use taxes and shall take effect immediately upon the close of the polls on November 7, 2006, if the measure is approved by two-thirds of the electors voting on the measure at the election held that day.
Section 20. TERMINATION DATE. The authority to levy the tax imposed by this ordinance shall expire twenty (20) years from the operative date of this ordinance.
Section 21. REPEAL OF ORDINANCE NO. 2004-01. Ordinance No. 2004-01 is hereby repealed.
PASSED AND ADOPTED by the Board of Directors of the Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit District in the County of Marin, State of California, on July 19, 2006, by the following vote:
BORO: AYE KERNS: AYE REILLY: AYE BROWN: NO MCGLASHAN: AYE FUDGE: AYE HEALY: AYE JEHN: AYE BREEN: AYE DILLON-KNUTSON: AYE EDDIE: AB PAHRE: AYE
AYES: 10 NOES: 1 ABSENT: 1 ABSTAIN: 0
s/ Al Boro, Chair, SMART Board of Directors
I. Executive Summary: SMART Expenditure Plan
The Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit District (SMART) proposes a 1/4 cent sales tax measure for Sonoma and Marin Counties in order to pay for the construction and operation of a passenger rail system and ancillary bicycle/pedestrian pathway along the existing Northwestern Pacific Railroad.
Passage of this measure allows SMART to access other state, regional, and federal funds for the provision of passenger rail service that are currently unavailable to Sonoma and Marin residents.
This measure would raise approximately $668 million over a 20-year period or approximately $33 million a year (in 2006 dollars). The proceeds of the tax would be allocated to the design, construction, implementation, operation, financing, maintenance and management of a passenger rail system and a bicycle/pedestrian pathway connecting the proposed rail stations.
SMART has prepared an Environmental Impact Report analyzing the potential environmental impacts of the proposed passenger rail corridor. (See http://www.sonomamarintrain.org to view the environmental documents.)
II. SMART Expenditure Plan Background A. SMART District Role and Purpose On January 1, 2003, the SMART District was established by the California Legislature through the enactment of AB 2224. The SMART District includes both Sonoma and Marin Counties and was created for the purpose of providing a unified and comprehensive structure for the ownership and governance of a passenger rail system within Sonoma and Marin Counties. The goal of SMART is to provide passenger rail service along the publicly-owned Northwestern Pacific Railroad (NWP) alignment.
B. AB 2224
SMART's enabling legislation authorizes the rail district to own, operate, manage, and maintain a passenger rail system within the territory of the district, to contract and employ labor, to contract for shuttle services necessary or convenient for rail transit, and to acquire, construct, and operate rights-of-way, rail lines and other facilities for rail transit, including ancillary bicycle/pedestrian pathways. AB 2224 prohibits SMART from condemning property for transit-oriented joint development purposes.
The SMART Board of Directors is composed of 12 members representing Sonoma and Marin Counties and the Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District (Bridge District).
AB 2224 commits SMART to work with the North Coast Railroad Authority (NCRA), the local freight operator, to achieve safe, efficient and compatible operations for both passenger rail and freight service on the NWP north of Highway 37 in Novato, in the event that NCRA resumes freight service.
C. NWP Ownership and Management
The primary asset of SMART is the NWP rail right-of-way and properties contained within that right-of-way along the railroad corridor extending from Healdsburg in Sonoma County to Corte Madera in Marin County. (See Figure 1 in the Voter's Pamphlet)
SMART is managed by an appointed General Manager, who reports to the SMART Board of Directors. SMART adopts an annual budget documenting all revenues and expenditures. Upon passage of this measure, SMART will prepare a Strategic Plan, under the direction of the SMART Board of Directors, and will update the plan at least every five years. The Strategic Plan will provide detailed annual revenue and cost assumptions for project implementation and operation. SMART will also prepare a five-year Short Range Transit Plan documenting service and funding assumptions. Prior to initiating rail service, SMART will prepare a Start-Up Plan and an Emergency Preparedness Plan one year in advance of scheduled service. The Start-Up Plan will document implementation requirements, schedule assumptions, staffing, and maintenance and operations requirements. The Emergency Preparedness Plan will be developed in coordination with local emergency responders and will address response protocols and procedures along the corridor.
A Citizens Oversight Committee will be established by the SMART Board to provide input and review on the Strategic Plan and subsequent updates. The committee will be composed of citizens from the SMART District, appointed by the Board.
D. Community Outreach
SMART's community outreach efforts have included monthly public Board meetings, public hearings, special ad hoc meetings and over 150 presentations to community, business and special issue groups. SMART maintains an agency website with regular postings of project documents, a project hotline with phone numbers in both Sonoma and Marin counties and has provided regular email updates on the project's development to over 2,200 email recipients.
III. Expenditure Plan and Project Details Project Description The SMART passenger rail project will upgrade the existing NWP right-of-way, to provide passenger rail service from Cloverdale to Larkspur, with convenient linkages to bus and shuttle feeder routes and direct connections to the bicycle/pedestrian pathway. Fourteen stations are planned, nine in Sonoma County and five in Marin County. Proposed station sites include: Cloverdale, Healdsburg, Windsor, Santa Rosa (two stations), Rohnert Park, Cotati, Petaluma (two stations), Novato (two stations), Marin Civic Center, San Rafael and Larkspur. Rail service is proposed at 30 minute frequencies, operating in the weekday am and pm commute periods, along with one mid-day train.
B. Project Components: Capital Improvements
1. Trackway & Bridges: The existing single track NWPcorridor will be upgraded with passing tracks and sidings, which will accommodate train schedule requirements. All of the rail, with the exception of rail recently or currently being upgraded, will be re-laid with new ballast, ties, signage, and drainage facilities. All timber trestle bridges will be replaced with concrete trestle spans supported on concrete pilings. The Gallinas Creek Bridge and Russian River Railroad Bridge would be upgraded and rehabilitated. The Haystack Landing Bridge will be replaced.
2. Stations: Fourteen rail stations are proposed (see Figure 1). The stations would have convenient transfers to peak period, fixed route bus service, connections to regional ferry service (at the Larkspur Station) and bicycle/pedestrian pathway connections. Each station will have a boarding platform with shelter, lighting, ticket vending machines, passenger amenities and pick-up and drop-off areas. New park-and-ride lot spaces are proposed at all stations except Santa Rosa Railroad Square, Downtown San Rafael and Larkspur stations. Bicycle parking would be provided at all stations and attended bicycle parking facilities would be provided at Santa Rosa Railroad Square and Downtown San Rafael.
3. Vehicles: Passenger rail multiple unit vehicles that are independently powered and do not require a traditional diesel locomotive are proposed. SMART is committed to using a vehicle that best meets state and federal railroad operations requirements, but which provides the least amount of noise and highest level of air quality. Passenger rail multiple units have the capability to operate using bio-diesel fuels.
4. Other Construction Items: Two tunnels will be upgraded for rail service including the CalPark Hill Tunnel between San Rafael and Larkspur and the Puerto Suello Hill Tunnel, located north of San Rafael. Over 40 public at-grade crossings will be upgraded along the corridor. A new signal and dispatch system will be provided along the NWP to control train operations in accordance with state and federal operating rules and requirements.
5. Bicycle/Pedestrian Pathway: SMART proposes a bicycle/pedestrian pathway along the SMART rail corridor linking the 14 rail stations. The proposed bicycle/ pedestrian pathway includes a combination of Class 1 and Class 2 pathways. The construction of the bicycle/pedestrian pathway is proposed both on and off the SMART right-of-way depending on physical and environmental constraints and available rights-of-way. SMART proposes to fund approximately 57% of the pathway construction. Completion of the entire pathway would require the identification of additional revenues.
6. Shuttle Services: Peak hour shuttle service is proposed for selected rail stations. A detailed service plan is to be included as part of SMART's Start-Up Plan, which will be prepared in advance of project opening in cooperation with local transit providers.
7. Maintenance Facility: A maintenance facility will be constructed to provide off-site rail vehicle maintenance and storage.
8. Quiet Zones: SMART has committed to funding Quiet Zones in urban areas along the corridor, which would allow crossings to operate without train horns, if desired by the local jurisdiction. SMART will work with local jurisdictions to identify these locations and assist them in applying for this federal waiver.
9. Environmental Mitigation: SMART will implement the environmental compliance and mitigation measures identified in the Final Environmental Impact Report.
10. Engineering, Bid Documents, Staff Support: Final engineering and preparation of all construction documents will be provided for the rail and pathway projects.
C. Project Components: On-Going Operations and Maintenance
1. Annual Forecasted Operating Costs: Operating costs include all costs of train and shuttle operations, including service contracts, vehicle fuel, insurance, administration, project staffing and overhead.
2. Annual Forecasted Maintenance Costs: Annual maintenance costs include the costs of maintaining vehicles, stations, trackway, signals, maintenance facility, railroad crossings and the portions of the bicycle/pedestrian pathway on the rail right-of-way.
IV. Project Funding and Implementation
The proposed schedule for the project is as follows:
B. Sales Tax Revenues
It is estimated that $668 million will be raised with the 1/ 4 cent district-wide sales tax over 20 years (in 2006 dollars). Approximately $470 million would be generated in Sonoma County and $198 million in Marin County over a 20-year period. Annual revenues are estimated to be approximately $33 million per year in 2006 dollars.
C. Fare Revenues
Fares for train service will be established by the SMART Board of Directors through a public process, as required by law. It is anticipated that the fare structure will incorporate a distance based zone system, similar to other transit districts in the North Bay. Based on the experience of other passenger rail systems, fares are expected to fund approximately 30% of annual rail system operating costs. The average fare assumed in this Expenditure Plan is $4.00 per one-way trip.
D. Project Financing and Bonding
The SMART District has the authority to bond and use other financing mechanisms for the purposes of expediting the delivery of the rail and pathway project. Bonds will be paid with the proceeds of the District's sales tax. The costs and risks associated with bonding will be presented in the District's Strategic Plan and will be subject to public comment before any bond sale is approved.
SMART plans on financing a portion of the capital costs of construction in the early years of the project so that the project can be constructed and operating as quickly as possible. Financing will be used to fund the difference between regional, state and federal funding and the capital cost of the project during the construction years. The bonds will be paid back over the 20 years of the plan.
E. Expenditure Plan Allocations
Project costs are summarized in Table 1. The allocation of sales tax revenues to project costs over the 20 year plan includes the following assumptions.
1. District revenues will fund approximately 70% of total costs and include sales tax revenues, NWP leasing revenues, joint development revenues and financing.
The proposed 1/4 cent sales tax measure would provide approximately $668 million in new revenues, which would be used to leverage an estimated 20-year investment of nearly $1.4 billion. Contingencies have been factored into all construction cost estimates and a program contingency for the 20-year term is also included. These cost and revenue estimates cover the full 20-year term of the measure and include all anticipated revenues and costs associated with the project.
TABLE 1: SMART Project Costs (All costs in 2006 dollars)
Table 2 identifies anticipated costs and revenues for implementing the SMART program over a 20 year period.
TABLE 2: Anticipated Costs and Revenues Over 20 Years (Millions $)
(1) Includes annual operating, maintenance and financing costs.
V. Implementing Guidelines
The following is a list of guidelines for implementation of this Expenditure Plan:
1. The duration of the measure will be 20 years, beginning on April 1, 2007 and expiring on March 31, 2027.
VI. Strategic Plan
SMART will prepare a Strategic Plan, based on the commitments in this Expenditure Plan, prior to July 2007. The Strategic Plan will identify planned investments in capital implementation, operations and maintenance for the duration of the tax. The Strategic Plan will be updated at least every five years and approved by the SMART Board of Directors. The Strategic Plan will be developed with input from the public and the Citizens Oversight Committee.
VII. Amendments to the Plan
The SMART Board of Directors may annually review and propose amendments to this Expenditure Plan to provide for the use of additional federal, state and local funds, to account for unexpected revenues and to accommodate any unforeseen circumstances.